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tinyxml.h

/*
www.sourceforge.net/projects/tinyxml
Original code (2.0 and earlier )copyright (c) 2000-2006 Lee Thomason (www.grinninglizard.com)

This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied
warranty. In no event will the authors be held liable for any
damages arising from the use of this software.

Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any
purpose, including commercial applications, and to alter it and
redistribute it freely, subject to the following restrictions:

1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must
not claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this
software in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation
would be appreciated but is not required.

2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and
must not be misrepresented as being the original software.

3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source
distribution.
*/


#ifndef TINYXML_INCLUDED
#define TINYXML_INCLUDED

#ifdef _MSC_VER
#pragma warning( push )
#pragma warning( disable : 4530 )
#pragma warning( disable : 4786 )
#endif

#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>

// Help out windows:
#if defined( _DEBUG ) && !defined( DEBUG )
#define DEBUG
#endif

#ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      #include <string>
      #include <iostream>
      #include <sstream>
      #define TIXML_STRING          std::string
#else
      #include "tinystr.h"
      #define TIXML_STRING          TiXmlString
#endif

// Deprecated library function hell. Compilers want to use the
// new safe versions. This probably doesn't fully address the problem,
// but it gets closer. There are too many compilers for me to fully
// test. If you get compilation troubles, undefine TIXML_SAFE
#define TIXML_SAFE

#ifdef TIXML_SAFE
      #if defined(_MSC_VER) && (_MSC_VER >= 1400 )
            // Microsoft visual studio, version 2005 and higher.
            #define TIXML_SNPRINTF _snprintf_s
            #define TIXML_SNSCANF  _snscanf_s
      #elif defined(_MSC_VER) && (_MSC_VER >= 1200 )
            // Microsoft visual studio, version 6 and higher.
            //#pragma message( "Using _sn* functions." )
            #define TIXML_SNPRINTF _snprintf
            #define TIXML_SNSCANF  _snscanf
      #elif defined(__GNUC__) && (__GNUC__ >= 3 )
            // GCC version 3 and higher.s
            //#warning( "Using sn* functions." )
            #define TIXML_SNPRINTF snprintf
            #define TIXML_SNSCANF  snscanf
      #endif
#endif      

class TiXmlDocument;
class TiXmlElement;
class TiXmlComment;
class TiXmlUnknown;
class TiXmlAttribute;
class TiXmlText;
class TiXmlDeclaration;
class TiXmlParsingData;

const int TIXML_MAJOR_VERSION = 2;
const int TIXML_MINOR_VERSION = 5;
const int TIXML_PATCH_VERSION = 2;

/*    Internal structure for tracking location of items 
      in the XML file.
*/
struct TiXmlCursor
{
      TiXmlCursor()           { Clear(); }
      void Clear()            { row = col = -1; }

      int row;    // 0 based.
      int col;    // 0 based.
};


/**
      If you call the Accept() method, it requires being passed a TiXmlVisitor
      class to handle callbacks. For nodes that contain other nodes (Document, Element)
      you will get called with a VisitEnter/VisitExit pair. Nodes that are always leaves
      are simple called with Visit().

      If you return 'true' from a Visit method, recursive parsing will continue. If you return
      false, <b>no children of this node or its sibilings</b> will be Visited.

      All flavors of Visit methods have a default implementation that returns 'true' (continue 
      visiting). You need to only override methods that are interesting to you.

      Generally Accept() is called on the TiXmlDocument, although all nodes suppert Visiting.

      You should never change the document from a callback.

      @sa TiXmlNode::Accept()
*/
00124 class TiXmlVisitor
{
public:
      virtual ~TiXmlVisitor() {}

      /// Visit a document.
00130       virtual bool VisitEnter( const TiXmlDocument& doc )   { return true; }
      /// Visit a document.
00132       virtual bool VisitExit( const TiXmlDocument& doc )    { return true; }

      /// Visit an element.
00135       virtual bool VisitEnter( const TiXmlElement& element, const TiXmlAttribute* firstAttribute )    { return true; }
      /// Visit an element.
00137       virtual bool VisitExit( const TiXmlElement& element )                                                             { return true; }

      /// Visit a declaration
00140       virtual bool Visit( const TiXmlDeclaration& declaration )         { return true; }
      /// Visit a text node
00142       virtual bool Visit( const TiXmlText& text )                                   { return true; }
      /// Visit a comment node
00144       virtual bool Visit( const TiXmlComment& comment )                       { return true; }
      /// Visit an unknow node
00146       virtual bool Visit( const TiXmlUnknown& unknown )                       { return true; }
};

// Only used by Attribute::Query functions
enum 
{ 
      TIXML_SUCCESS,
      TIXML_NO_ATTRIBUTE,
      TIXML_WRONG_TYPE
};


// Used by the parsing routines.
enum TiXmlEncoding
{
      TIXML_ENCODING_UNKNOWN,
      TIXML_ENCODING_UTF8,
      TIXML_ENCODING_LEGACY
};

const TiXmlEncoding TIXML_DEFAULT_ENCODING = TIXML_ENCODING_UNKNOWN;

/** TiXmlBase is a base class for every class in TinyXml.
      It does little except to establish that TinyXml classes
      can be printed and provide some utility functions.

      In XML, the document and elements can contain
      other elements and other types of nodes.

      @verbatim
      A Document can contain: Element     (container or leaf)
                                          Comment (leaf)
                                          Unknown (leaf)
                                          Declaration( leaf )

      An Element can contain: Element (container or leaf)
                                          Text  (leaf)
                                          Attributes (not on tree)
                                          Comment (leaf)
                                          Unknown (leaf)

      A Decleration contains: Attributes (not on tree)
      @endverbatim
*/
00190 class TiXmlBase
{
      friend class TiXmlNode;
      friend class TiXmlElement;
      friend class TiXmlDocument;

public:
      TiXmlBase() :     userData(0)       {}
      virtual ~TiXmlBase()                {}

      /**   All TinyXml classes can print themselves to a filestream
            or the string class (TiXmlString in non-STL mode, std::string
            in STL mode.) Either or both cfile and str can be null.
            
            This is a formatted print, and will insert 
            tabs and newlines.
            
            (For an unformatted stream, use the << operator.)
      */
      virtual void Print( FILE* cfile, int depth ) const = 0;

      /**   The world does not agree on whether white space should be kept or
            not. In order to make everyone happy, these global, static functions
            are provided to set whether or not TinyXml will condense all white space
            into a single space or not. The default is to condense. Note changing this
            value is not thread safe.
      */
00217       static void SetCondenseWhiteSpace( bool condense )          { condenseWhiteSpace = condense; }

      /// Return the current white space setting.
00220       static bool IsWhiteSpaceCondensed()                               { return condenseWhiteSpace; }

      /** Return the position, in the original source file, of this node or attribute.
            The row and column are 1-based. (That is the first row and first column is
            1,1). If the returns values are 0 or less, then the parser does not have
            a row and column value.

            Generally, the row and column value will be set when the TiXmlDocument::Load(),
            TiXmlDocument::LoadFile(), or any TiXmlNode::Parse() is called. It will NOT be set
            when the DOM was created from operator>>.

            The values reflect the initial load. Once the DOM is modified programmatically
            (by adding or changing nodes and attributes) the new values will NOT update to
            reflect changes in the document.

            There is a minor performance cost to computing the row and column. Computation
            can be disabled if TiXmlDocument::SetTabSize() is called with 0 as the value.

            @sa TiXmlDocument::SetTabSize()
      */
00240       int Row() const               { return location.row + 1; }
00241       int Column() const            { return location.col + 1; }  ///< See Row()

00243       void  SetUserData( void* user )                 { userData = user; }    ///< Set a pointer to arbitrary user data.
00244       void* GetUserData()                                   { return userData; }    ///< Get a pointer to arbitrary user data.
00245       const void* GetUserData() const           { return userData; }    ///< Get a pointer to arbitrary user data.

      // Table that returs, for a given lead byte, the total number of bytes
      // in the UTF-8 sequence.
      static const int utf8ByteTable[256];

      virtual const char* Parse(    const char* p, 
                                                TiXmlParsingData* data, 
                                                TiXmlEncoding encoding /*= TIXML_ENCODING_UNKNOWN */ ) = 0;

      enum
      {
            TIXML_NO_ERROR = 0,
            TIXML_ERROR,
            TIXML_ERROR_OPENING_FILE,
            TIXML_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY,
            TIXML_ERROR_PARSING_ELEMENT,
            TIXML_ERROR_FAILED_TO_READ_ELEMENT_NAME,
            TIXML_ERROR_READING_ELEMENT_VALUE,
            TIXML_ERROR_READING_ATTRIBUTES,
            TIXML_ERROR_PARSING_EMPTY,
            TIXML_ERROR_READING_END_TAG,
            TIXML_ERROR_PARSING_UNKNOWN,
            TIXML_ERROR_PARSING_COMMENT,
            TIXML_ERROR_PARSING_DECLARATION,
            TIXML_ERROR_DOCUMENT_EMPTY,
            TIXML_ERROR_EMBEDDED_NULL,
            TIXML_ERROR_PARSING_CDATA,
            TIXML_ERROR_DOCUMENT_TOP_ONLY,

            TIXML_ERROR_STRING_COUNT
      };

protected:

      static const char* SkipWhiteSpace( const char*, TiXmlEncoding encoding );
      inline static bool IsWhiteSpace( char c )       
      { 
            return ( isspace( (unsigned char) c ) || c == '\n' || c == '\r' ); 
      }
      inline static bool IsWhiteSpace( int c )
      {
            if ( c < 256 )
                  return IsWhiteSpace( (char) c );
            return false;     // Again, only truly correct for English/Latin...but usually works.
      }

      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      static bool StreamWhiteSpace( std::istream * in, TIXML_STRING * tag );
      static bool StreamTo( std::istream * in, int character, TIXML_STRING * tag );
      #endif

      /*    Reads an XML name into the string provided. Returns
            a pointer just past the last character of the name,
            or 0 if the function has an error.
      */
      static const char* ReadName( const char* p, TIXML_STRING* name, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

      /*    Reads text. Returns a pointer past the given end tag.
            Wickedly complex options, but it keeps the (sensitive) code in one place.
      */
      static const char* ReadText(  const char* in,                     // where to start
                                                      TIXML_STRING* text,                 // the string read
                                                      bool ignoreWhiteSpace,        // whether to keep the white space
                                                      const char* endTag,                 // what ends this text
                                                      bool ignoreCase,              // whether to ignore case in the end tag
                                                      TiXmlEncoding encoding );     // the current encoding

      // If an entity has been found, transform it into a character.
      static const char* GetEntity( const char* in, char* value, int* length, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

      // Get a character, while interpreting entities.
      // The length can be from 0 to 4 bytes.
      inline static const char* GetChar( const char* p, char* _value, int* length, TiXmlEncoding encoding )
      {
            assert( p );
            if ( encoding == TIXML_ENCODING_UTF8 )
            {
                  *length = utf8ByteTable[ *((const unsigned char*)p) ];
                  assert( *length >= 0 && *length < 5 );
            }
            else
            {
                  *length = 1;
            }

            if ( *length == 1 )
            {
                  if ( *p == '&' )
                        return GetEntity( p, _value, length, encoding );
                  *_value = *p;
                  return p+1;
            }
            else if ( *length )
            {
                  //strncpy( _value, p, *length );    // lots of compilers don't like this function (unsafe),
                                                                        // and the null terminator isn't needed
                  for( int i=0; p[i] && i<*length; ++i ) {
                        _value[i] = p[i];
                  }
                  return p + (*length);
            }
            else
            {
                  // Not valid text.
                  return 0;
            }
      }

      // Puts a string to a stream, expanding entities as it goes.
      // Note this should not contian the '<', '>', etc, or they will be transformed into entities!
      static void PutString( const TIXML_STRING& str, TIXML_STRING* out );

      // Return true if the next characters in the stream are any of the endTag sequences.
      // Ignore case only works for english, and should only be relied on when comparing
      // to English words: StringEqual( p, "version", true ) is fine.
      static bool StringEqual(      const char* p,
                                                const char* endTag,
                                                bool ignoreCase,
                                                TiXmlEncoding encoding );

      static const char* errorString[ TIXML_ERROR_STRING_COUNT ];

      TiXmlCursor location;

    /// Field containing a generic user pointer
00371       void*             userData;
      
      // None of these methods are reliable for any language except English.
      // Good for approximation, not great for accuracy.
      static int IsAlpha( unsigned char anyByte, TiXmlEncoding encoding );
      static int IsAlphaNum( unsigned char anyByte, TiXmlEncoding encoding );
      inline static int ToLower( int v, TiXmlEncoding encoding )
      {
            if ( encoding == TIXML_ENCODING_UTF8 )
            {
                  if ( v < 128 ) return tolower( v );
                  return v;
            }
            else
            {
                  return tolower( v );
            }
      }
      static void ConvertUTF32ToUTF8( unsigned long input, char* output, int* length );

private:
      TiXmlBase( const TiXmlBase& );                        // not implemented.
      void operator=( const TiXmlBase& base );  // not allowed.

      struct Entity
      {
            const char*     str;
            unsigned int      strLength;
            char            chr;
      };
      enum
      {
            NUM_ENTITY = 5,
            MAX_ENTITY_LENGTH = 6

      };
      static Entity entity[ NUM_ENTITY ];
      static bool condenseWhiteSpace;
};


/** The parent class for everything in the Document Object Model.
      (Except for attributes).
      Nodes have siblings, a parent, and children. A node can be
      in a document, or stand on its own. The type of a TiXmlNode
      can be queried, and it can be cast to its more defined type.
*/
00418 class TiXmlNode : public TiXmlBase
{
      friend class TiXmlDocument;
      friend class TiXmlElement;

public:
      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL    

          /** An input stream operator, for every class. Tolerant of newlines and
                formatting, but doesn't expect them.
          */
          friend std::istream& operator >> (std::istream& in, TiXmlNode& base);

          /** An output stream operator, for every class. Note that this outputs
                without any newlines or formatting, as opposed to Print(), which
                includes tabs and new lines.

                The operator<< and operator>> are not completely symmetric. Writing
                a node to a stream is very well defined. You'll get a nice stream
                of output, without any extra whitespace or newlines.
                
                But reading is not as well defined. (As it always is.) If you create
                a TiXmlElement (for example) and read that from an input stream,
                the text needs to define an element or junk will result. This is
                true of all input streams, but it's worth keeping in mind.

                A TiXmlDocument will read nodes until it reads a root element, and
                  all the children of that root element.
          */      
          friend std::ostream& operator<< (std::ostream& out, const TiXmlNode& base);

            /// Appends the XML node or attribute to a std::string.
            friend std::string& operator<< (std::string& out, const TiXmlNode& base );

      #endif

      /** The types of XML nodes supported by TinyXml. (All the
                  unsupported types are picked up by UNKNOWN.)
      */
00457       enum NodeType
      {
            DOCUMENT,
            ELEMENT,
            COMMENT,
            UNKNOWN,
            TEXT,
            DECLARATION,
            TYPECOUNT
      };

      virtual ~TiXmlNode();

      /** The meaning of 'value' changes for the specific type of
            TiXmlNode.
            @verbatim
            Document:   filename of the xml file
            Element:    name of the element
            Comment:    the comment text
            Unknown:    the tag contents
            Text:       the text string
            @endverbatim

            The subclasses will wrap this function.
      */
00482       const char *Value() const { return value.c_str (); }

    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      /** Return Value() as a std::string. If you only use STL,
          this is more efficient than calling Value().
            Only available in STL mode.
      */
      const std::string& ValueStr() const { return value; }
      #endif

      /** Changes the value of the node. Defined as:
            @verbatim
            Document:   filename of the xml file
            Element:    name of the element
            Comment:    the comment text
            Unknown:    the tag contents
            Text:       the text string
            @endverbatim
      */
00501       void SetValue(const char * _value) { value = _value;}

    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      /// STL std::string form.
      void SetValue( const std::string& _value )      { value = _value; }
      #endif

      /// Delete all the children of this node. Does not affect 'this'.
      void Clear();

      /// One step up the DOM.
00512       TiXmlNode* Parent()                                         { return parent; }
      const TiXmlNode* Parent() const                       { return parent; }

00515       const TiXmlNode* FirstChild() const { return firstChild; }        ///< The first child of this node. Will be null if there are no children.
      TiXmlNode* FirstChild()                         { return firstChild; }
      const TiXmlNode* FirstChild( const char * value ) const;                ///< The first child of this node with the matching 'value'. Will be null if none found.
      /// The first child of this node with the matching 'value'. Will be null if none found.
00519       TiXmlNode* FirstChild( const char * _value ) {
            // Call through to the const version - safe since nothing is changed. Exiting syntax: cast this to a const (always safe)
            // call the method, cast the return back to non-const.
            return const_cast< TiXmlNode* > ((const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->FirstChild( _value ));
      }
      const TiXmlNode* LastChild() const  { return lastChild; }         /// The last child of this node. Will be null if there are no children.
00525       TiXmlNode* LastChild()  { return lastChild; }
      
      const TiXmlNode* LastChild( const char * value ) const;                 /// The last child of this node matching 'value'. Will be null if there are no children.
00528       TiXmlNode* LastChild( const char * _value ) {
            return const_cast< TiXmlNode* > ((const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->LastChild( _value ));
      }

    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      const TiXmlNode* FirstChild( const std::string& _value ) const    {     return FirstChild (_value.c_str ());      }     ///< STL std::string form.
      TiXmlNode* FirstChild( const std::string& _value )                      {     return FirstChild (_value.c_str ());      }     ///< STL std::string form.
      const TiXmlNode* LastChild( const std::string& _value ) const     {     return LastChild (_value.c_str ()); }     ///< STL std::string form.
      TiXmlNode* LastChild( const std::string& _value )                       {     return LastChild (_value.c_str ()); }     ///< STL std::string form.
      #endif

      /** An alternate way to walk the children of a node.
            One way to iterate over nodes is:
            @verbatim
                  for( child = parent->FirstChild(); child; child = child->NextSibling() )
            @endverbatim

            IterateChildren does the same thing with the syntax:
            @verbatim
                  child = 0;
                  while( child = parent->IterateChildren( child ) )
            @endverbatim

            IterateChildren takes the previous child as input and finds
            the next one. If the previous child is null, it returns the
            first. IterateChildren will return null when done.
      */
      const TiXmlNode* IterateChildren( const TiXmlNode* previous ) const;
      TiXmlNode* IterateChildren( const TiXmlNode* previous ) {
            return const_cast< TiXmlNode* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->IterateChildren( previous ) );
      }

      /// This flavor of IterateChildren searches for children with a particular 'value'
      const TiXmlNode* IterateChildren( const char * value, const TiXmlNode* previous ) const;
      TiXmlNode* IterateChildren( const char * _value, const TiXmlNode* previous ) {
            return const_cast< TiXmlNode* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->IterateChildren( _value, previous ) );
      }

    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      const TiXmlNode* IterateChildren( const std::string& _value, const TiXmlNode* previous ) const  {     return IterateChildren (_value.c_str (), previous);   }     ///< STL std::string form.
      TiXmlNode* IterateChildren( const std::string& _value, const TiXmlNode* previous ) {      return IterateChildren (_value.c_str (), previous);   }     ///< STL std::string form.
      #endif

      /** Add a new node related to this. Adds a child past the LastChild.
            Returns a pointer to the new object or NULL if an error occured.
      */
      TiXmlNode* InsertEndChild( const TiXmlNode& addThis );


      /** Add a new node related to this. Adds a child past the LastChild.

            NOTE: the node to be added is passed by pointer, and will be
            henceforth owned (and deleted) by tinyXml. This method is efficient
            and avoids an extra copy, but should be used with care as it
            uses a different memory model than the other insert functions.

            @sa InsertEndChild
      */
      TiXmlNode* LinkEndChild( TiXmlNode* addThis );

      /** Add a new node related to this. Adds a child before the specified child.
            Returns a pointer to the new object or NULL if an error occured.
      */
      TiXmlNode* InsertBeforeChild( TiXmlNode* beforeThis, const TiXmlNode& addThis );

      /** Add a new node related to this. Adds a child after the specified child.
            Returns a pointer to the new object or NULL if an error occured.
      */
      TiXmlNode* InsertAfterChild(  TiXmlNode* afterThis, const TiXmlNode& addThis );

      /** Replace a child of this node.
            Returns a pointer to the new object or NULL if an error occured.
      */
      TiXmlNode* ReplaceChild( TiXmlNode* replaceThis, const TiXmlNode& withThis );

      /// Delete a child of this node.
      bool RemoveChild( TiXmlNode* removeThis );

      /// Navigate to a sibling node.
00607       const TiXmlNode* PreviousSibling() const              { return prev; }
      TiXmlNode* PreviousSibling()                                { return prev; }

      /// Navigate to a sibling node.
      const TiXmlNode* PreviousSibling( const char * ) const;
      TiXmlNode* PreviousSibling( const char *_prev ) {
            return const_cast< TiXmlNode* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->PreviousSibling( _prev ) );
      }

    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      const TiXmlNode* PreviousSibling( const std::string& _value ) const     {     return PreviousSibling (_value.c_str ()); }     ///< STL std::string form.
      TiXmlNode* PreviousSibling( const std::string& _value )                 {     return PreviousSibling (_value.c_str ()); }     ///< STL std::string form.
      const TiXmlNode* NextSibling( const std::string& _value) const          {     return NextSibling (_value.c_str ());     }     ///< STL std::string form.
      TiXmlNode* NextSibling( const std::string& _value)                            {     return NextSibling (_value.c_str ());     }     ///< STL std::string form.
      #endif

      /// Navigate to a sibling node.
00624       const TiXmlNode* NextSibling() const                        { return next; }
      TiXmlNode* NextSibling()                                          { return next; }

      /// Navigate to a sibling node with the given 'value'.
      const TiXmlNode* NextSibling( const char * ) const;
      TiXmlNode* NextSibling( const char* _next ) {
            return const_cast< TiXmlNode* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->NextSibling( _next ) );
      }

      /** Convenience function to get through elements.
            Calls NextSibling and ToElement. Will skip all non-Element
            nodes. Returns 0 if there is not another element.
      */
      const TiXmlElement* NextSiblingElement() const;
      TiXmlElement* NextSiblingElement() {
            return const_cast< TiXmlElement* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->NextSiblingElement() );
      }

      /** Convenience function to get through elements.
            Calls NextSibling and ToElement. Will skip all non-Element
            nodes. Returns 0 if there is not another element.
      */
      const TiXmlElement* NextSiblingElement( const char * ) const;
      TiXmlElement* NextSiblingElement( const char *_next ) {
            return const_cast< TiXmlElement* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->NextSiblingElement( _next ) );
      }

    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      const TiXmlElement* NextSiblingElement( const std::string& _value) const      {     return NextSiblingElement (_value.c_str ());    }     ///< STL std::string form.
      TiXmlElement* NextSiblingElement( const std::string& _value)                        {     return NextSiblingElement (_value.c_str ());    }     ///< STL std::string form.
      #endif

      /// Convenience function to get through elements.
      const TiXmlElement* FirstChildElement()   const;
      TiXmlElement* FirstChildElement() {
            return const_cast< TiXmlElement* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->FirstChildElement() );
      }

      /// Convenience function to get through elements.
      const TiXmlElement* FirstChildElement( const char * _value ) const;
      TiXmlElement* FirstChildElement( const char * _value ) {
            return const_cast< TiXmlElement* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->FirstChildElement( _value ) );
      }

    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      const TiXmlElement* FirstChildElement( const std::string& _value ) const      {     return FirstChildElement (_value.c_str ());     }     ///< STL std::string form.
      TiXmlElement* FirstChildElement( const std::string& _value )                        {     return FirstChildElement (_value.c_str ());     }     ///< STL std::string form.
      #endif

      /** Query the type (as an enumerated value, above) of this node.
            The possible types are: DOCUMENT, ELEMENT, COMMENT,
                                                UNKNOWN, TEXT, and DECLARATION.
      */
00677       int Type() const  { return type; }

      /** Return a pointer to the Document this node lives in.
            Returns null if not in a document.
      */
      const TiXmlDocument* GetDocument() const;
      TiXmlDocument* GetDocument() {
            return const_cast< TiXmlDocument* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlNode* >(this))->GetDocument() );
      }

      /// Returns true if this node has no children.
00688       bool NoChildren() const                               { return !firstChild; }

00690       virtual const TiXmlDocument*    ToDocument()    const { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.
00691       virtual const TiXmlElement*     ToElement()     const { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.
00692       virtual const TiXmlComment*     ToComment()     const { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.
00693       virtual const TiXmlUnknown*     ToUnknown()     const { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.
00694       virtual const TiXmlText*        ToText()        const { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.
00695       virtual const TiXmlDeclaration* ToDeclaration() const { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.

00697       virtual TiXmlDocument*          ToDocument()    { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.
00698       virtual TiXmlElement*           ToElement()         { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.
00699       virtual TiXmlComment*           ToComment()     { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.
00700       virtual TiXmlUnknown*           ToUnknown()         { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.
00701       virtual TiXmlText*                  ToText()        { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.
00702       virtual TiXmlDeclaration*       ToDeclaration() { return 0; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null if not of the requested type.

      /** Create an exact duplicate of this node and return it. The memory must be deleted
            by the caller. 
      */
      virtual TiXmlNode* Clone() const = 0;

      /** Accept a hierchical visit the nodes in the TinyXML DOM. Every node in the 
            XML tree will be conditionally visited and the host will be called back
            via the TiXmlVisitor interface.

            This is essentially a SAX interface for TinyXML. (Note however it doesn't re-parse
            the XML for the callbacks, so the performance of TinyXML is unchanged by using this
            interface versus any other.)

            The interface has been based on ideas from:

            - http://www.saxproject.org/
            - http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?HierarchicalVisitorPattern 

            Which are both good references for "visiting".

            An example of using Accept():
            @verbatim
            TiXmlPrinter printer;
            tinyxmlDoc.Accept( &printer );
            const char* xmlcstr = printer.CStr();
            @endverbatim
      */
      virtual bool Accept( TiXmlVisitor* visitor ) const = 0;

protected:
      TiXmlNode( NodeType _type );

      // Copy to the allocated object. Shared functionality between Clone, Copy constructor,
      // and the assignment operator.
      void CopyTo( TiXmlNode* target ) const;

      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
          // The real work of the input operator.
      virtual void StreamIn( std::istream* in, TIXML_STRING* tag ) = 0;
      #endif

      // Figure out what is at *p, and parse it. Returns null if it is not an xml node.
      TiXmlNode* Identify( const char* start, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

      TiXmlNode*        parent;
      NodeType          type;

      TiXmlNode*        firstChild;
      TiXmlNode*        lastChild;

      TIXML_STRING      value;

      TiXmlNode*        prev;
      TiXmlNode*        next;

private:
      TiXmlNode( const TiXmlNode& );                        // not implemented.
      void operator=( const TiXmlNode& base );  // not allowed.
};


/** An attribute is a name-value pair. Elements have an arbitrary
      number of attributes, each with a unique name.

      @note The attributes are not TiXmlNodes, since they are not
              part of the tinyXML document object model. There are other
              suggested ways to look at this problem.
*/
00772 class TiXmlAttribute : public TiXmlBase
{
      friend class TiXmlAttributeSet;

public:
      /// Construct an empty attribute.
00778       TiXmlAttribute() : TiXmlBase()
      {
            document = 0;
            prev = next = 0;
      }

      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      /// std::string constructor.
      TiXmlAttribute( const std::string& _name, const std::string& _value )
      {
            name = _name;
            value = _value;
            document = 0;
            prev = next = 0;
      }
      #endif

      /// Construct an attribute with a name and value.
00796       TiXmlAttribute( const char * _name, const char * _value )
      {
            name = _name;
            value = _value;
            document = 0;
            prev = next = 0;
      }

00804       const char*       Name()  const           { return name.c_str(); }            ///< Return the name of this attribute.
00805       const char*       Value() const           { return value.c_str(); }           ///< Return the value of this attribute.
      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      const std::string& ValueStr() const { return value; }                   ///< Return the value of this attribute.
      #endif
      int                     IntValue() const;                                                 ///< Return the value of this attribute, converted to an integer.
      double                  DoubleValue() const;                                              ///< Return the value of this attribute, converted to a double.

      // Get the tinyxml string representation
      const TIXML_STRING& NameTStr() const { return name; }

      /** QueryIntValue examines the value string. It is an alternative to the
            IntValue() method with richer error checking.
            If the value is an integer, it is stored in 'value' and 
            the call returns TIXML_SUCCESS. If it is not
            an integer, it returns TIXML_WRONG_TYPE.

            A specialized but useful call. Note that for success it returns 0,
            which is the opposite of almost all other TinyXml calls.
      */
      int QueryIntValue( int* _value ) const;
      /// QueryDoubleValue examines the value string. See QueryIntValue().
      int QueryDoubleValue( double* _value ) const;

00828       void SetName( const char* _name )   { name = _name; }                   ///< Set the name of this attribute.
00829       void SetValue( const char* _value ) { value = _value; }                       ///< Set the value.

      void SetIntValue( int _value );                                                           ///< Set the value from an integer.
      void SetDoubleValue( double _value );                                               ///< Set the value from a double.

    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      /// STL std::string form.
      void SetName( const std::string& _name )  { name = _name; } 
      /// STL std::string form.     
      void SetValue( const std::string& _value )      { value = _value; }
      #endif

      /// Get the next sibling attribute in the DOM. Returns null at end.
      const TiXmlAttribute* Next() const;
      TiXmlAttribute* Next() {
            return const_cast< TiXmlAttribute* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlAttribute* >(this))->Next() ); 
      }

      /// Get the previous sibling attribute in the DOM. Returns null at beginning.
      const TiXmlAttribute* Previous() const;
      TiXmlAttribute* Previous() {
            return const_cast< TiXmlAttribute* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlAttribute* >(this))->Previous() ); 
      }

      bool operator==( const TiXmlAttribute& rhs ) const { return rhs.name == name; }
      bool operator<( const TiXmlAttribute& rhs )      const { return name < rhs.name; }
      bool operator>( const TiXmlAttribute& rhs )  const { return name > rhs.name; }

      /*    Attribute parsing starts: first letter of the name
                                     returns: the next char after the value end quote
      */
      virtual const char* Parse( const char* p, TiXmlParsingData* data, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

      // Prints this Attribute to a FILE stream.
00863       virtual void Print( FILE* cfile, int depth ) const {
            Print( cfile, depth, 0 );
      }
      void Print( FILE* cfile, int depth, TIXML_STRING* str ) const;

      // [internal use]
      // Set the document pointer so the attribute can report errors.
      void SetDocument( TiXmlDocument* doc )    { document = doc; }

private:
      TiXmlAttribute( const TiXmlAttribute& );                    // not implemented.
      void operator=( const TiXmlAttribute& base );   // not allowed.

      TiXmlDocument*    document;   // A pointer back to a document, for error reporting.
      TIXML_STRING name;
      TIXML_STRING value;
      TiXmlAttribute*   prev;
      TiXmlAttribute*   next;
};


/*    A class used to manage a group of attributes.
      It is only used internally, both by the ELEMENT and the DECLARATION.
      
      The set can be changed transparent to the Element and Declaration
      classes that use it, but NOT transparent to the Attribute
      which has to implement a next() and previous() method. Which makes
      it a bit problematic and prevents the use of STL.

      This version is implemented with circular lists because:
            - I like circular lists
            - it demonstrates some independence from the (typical) doubly linked list.
*/
class TiXmlAttributeSet
{
public:
      TiXmlAttributeSet();
      ~TiXmlAttributeSet();

      void Add( TiXmlAttribute* attribute );
      void Remove( TiXmlAttribute* attribute );

      const TiXmlAttribute* First() const { return ( sentinel.next == &sentinel ) ? 0 : sentinel.next; }
      TiXmlAttribute* First()                         { return ( sentinel.next == &sentinel ) ? 0 : sentinel.next; }
      const TiXmlAttribute* Last() const        { return ( sentinel.prev == &sentinel ) ? 0 : sentinel.prev; }
      TiXmlAttribute* Last()                          { return ( sentinel.prev == &sentinel ) ? 0 : sentinel.prev; }

      const TiXmlAttribute*   Find( const char* _name ) const;
      TiXmlAttribute*   Find( const char* _name ) {
            return const_cast< TiXmlAttribute* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlAttributeSet* >(this))->Find( _name ) );
      }
      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      const TiXmlAttribute*   Find( const std::string& _name ) const;
      TiXmlAttribute*   Find( const std::string& _name ) {
            return const_cast< TiXmlAttribute* >( (const_cast< const TiXmlAttributeSet* >(this))->Find( _name ) );
      }

      #endif

private:
      //*ME:      Because of hidden/disabled copy-construktor in TiXmlAttribute (sentinel-element),
      //*ME:      this class must be also use a hidden/disabled copy-constructor !!!
      TiXmlAttributeSet( const TiXmlAttributeSet& );  // not allowed
      void operator=( const TiXmlAttributeSet& );     // not allowed (as TiXmlAttribute)

      TiXmlAttribute sentinel;
};


/** The element is a container class. It has a value, the element name,
      and can contain other elements, text, comments, and unknowns.
      Elements also contain an arbitrary number of attributes.
*/
00936 class TiXmlElement : public TiXmlNode
{
public:
      /// Construct an element.
      TiXmlElement (const char * in_value);

      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      /// std::string constructor.
      TiXmlElement( const std::string& _value );
      #endif

      TiXmlElement( const TiXmlElement& );

      void operator=( const TiXmlElement& base );

      virtual ~TiXmlElement();

      /** Given an attribute name, Attribute() returns the value
            for the attribute of that name, or null if none exists.
      */
      const char* Attribute( const char* name ) const;

      /** Given an attribute name, Attribute() returns the value
            for the attribute of that name, or null if none exists.
            If the attribute exists and can be converted to an integer,
            the integer value will be put in the return 'i', if 'i'
            is non-null.
      */
      const char* Attribute( const char* name, int* i ) const;

      /** Given an attribute name, Attribute() returns the value
            for the attribute of that name, or null if none exists.
            If the attribute exists and can be converted to an double,
            the double value will be put in the return 'd', if 'd'
            is non-null.
      */
      const char* Attribute( const char* name, double* d ) const;

      /** QueryIntAttribute examines the attribute - it is an alternative to the
            Attribute() method with richer error checking.
            If the attribute is an integer, it is stored in 'value' and 
            the call returns TIXML_SUCCESS. If it is not
            an integer, it returns TIXML_WRONG_TYPE. If the attribute
            does not exist, then TIXML_NO_ATTRIBUTE is returned.
      */    
      int QueryIntAttribute( const char* name, int* _value ) const;
      /// QueryDoubleAttribute examines the attribute - see QueryIntAttribute().
      int QueryDoubleAttribute( const char* name, double* _value ) const;
      /// QueryFloatAttribute examines the attribute - see QueryIntAttribute().
00985       int QueryFloatAttribute( const char* name, float* _value ) const {
            double d;
            int result = QueryDoubleAttribute( name, &d );
            if ( result == TIXML_SUCCESS ) {
                  *_value = (float)d;
            }
            return result;
      }
    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      /** Template form of the attribute query which will try to read the
            attribute into the specified type. Very easy, very powerful, but
            be careful to make sure to call this with the correct type.

            @return TIXML_SUCCESS, TIXML_WRONG_TYPE, or TIXML_NO_ATTRIBUTE
      */
      template< typename T > int QueryValueAttribute( const std::string& name, T* outValue ) const
      {
            const TiXmlAttribute* node = attributeSet.Find( name );
            if ( !node )
                  return TIXML_NO_ATTRIBUTE;

            std::stringstream sstream( node->ValueStr() );
            sstream >> *outValue;
            if ( !sstream.fail() )
                  return TIXML_SUCCESS;
            return TIXML_WRONG_TYPE;
      }
      #endif

      /** Sets an attribute of name to a given value. The attribute
            will be created if it does not exist, or changed if it does.
      */
      void SetAttribute( const char* name, const char * _value );

    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      const std::string* Attribute( const std::string& name ) const;
      const std::string* Attribute( const std::string& name, int* i ) const;
      const std::string* Attribute( const std::string& name, double* d ) const;
      int QueryIntAttribute( const std::string& name, int* _value ) const;
      int QueryDoubleAttribute( const std::string& name, double* _value ) const;

      /// STL std::string form.
      void SetAttribute( const std::string& name, const std::string& _value );
      ///< STL std::string form.
      void SetAttribute( const std::string& name, int _value );
      #endif

      /** Sets an attribute of name to a given value. The attribute
            will be created if it does not exist, or changed if it does.
      */
      void SetAttribute( const char * name, int value );

      /** Sets an attribute of name to a given value. The attribute
            will be created if it does not exist, or changed if it does.
      */
      void SetDoubleAttribute( const char * name, double value );

      /** Deletes an attribute with the given name.
      */
      void RemoveAttribute( const char * name );
    #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      void RemoveAttribute( const std::string& name ) {     RemoveAttribute (name.c_str ());    }     ///< STL std::string form.
      #endif

01049       const TiXmlAttribute* FirstAttribute() const    { return attributeSet.First(); }          ///< Access the first attribute in this element.
      TiXmlAttribute* FirstAttribute()                      { return attributeSet.First(); }
01051       const TiXmlAttribute* LastAttribute()     const       { return attributeSet.Last(); }           ///< Access the last attribute in this element.
      TiXmlAttribute* LastAttribute()                             { return attributeSet.Last(); }

      /** Convenience function for easy access to the text inside an element. Although easy
            and concise, GetText() is limited compared to getting the TiXmlText child
            and accessing it directly.
      
            If the first child of 'this' is a TiXmlText, the GetText()
            returns the character string of the Text node, else null is returned.

            This is a convenient method for getting the text of simple contained text:
            @verbatim
            <foo>This is text</foo>
            const char* str = fooElement->GetText();
            @endverbatim

            'str' will be a pointer to "This is text". 
            
            Note that this function can be misleading. If the element foo was created from
            this XML:
            @verbatim
            <foo><b>This is text</b></foo> 
            @endverbatim

            then the value of str would be null. The first child node isn't a text node, it is
            another element. From this XML:
            @verbatim
            <foo>This is <b>text</b></foo> 
            @endverbatim
            GetText() will return "This is ".

            WARNING: GetText() accesses a child node - don't become confused with the 
                         similarly named TiXmlHandle::Text() and TiXmlNode::ToText() which are 
                         safe type casts on the referenced node.
      */
      const char* GetText() const;

      /// Creates a new Element and returns it - the returned element is a copy.
      virtual TiXmlNode* Clone() const;
      // Print the Element to a FILE stream.
      virtual void Print( FILE* cfile, int depth ) const;

      /*    Attribtue parsing starts: next char past '<'
                                     returns: next char past '>'
      */
      virtual const char* Parse( const char* p, TiXmlParsingData* data, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

01098       virtual const TiXmlElement*     ToElement()     const { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.
01099       virtual TiXmlElement*           ToElement()               { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.

      /** Walk the XML tree visiting this node and all of its children. 
      */
      virtual bool Accept( TiXmlVisitor* visitor ) const;

protected:

      void CopyTo( TiXmlElement* target ) const;
      void ClearThis(); // like clear, but initializes 'this' object as well

      // Used to be public [internal use]
      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      virtual void StreamIn( std::istream * in, TIXML_STRING * tag );
      #endif
      /*    [internal use]
            Reads the "value" of the element -- another element, or text.
            This should terminate with the current end tag.
      */
      const char* ReadValue( const char* in, TiXmlParsingData* prevData, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

private:

      TiXmlAttributeSet attributeSet;
};


/**   An XML comment.
*/
01128 class TiXmlComment : public TiXmlNode
{
public:
      /// Constructs an empty comment.
01132       TiXmlComment() : TiXmlNode( TiXmlNode::COMMENT ) {}
      /// Construct a comment from text.
01134       TiXmlComment( const char* _value ) : TiXmlNode( TiXmlNode::COMMENT ) {
            SetValue( _value );
      }
      TiXmlComment( const TiXmlComment& );
      void operator=( const TiXmlComment& base );

      virtual ~TiXmlComment() {}

      /// Returns a copy of this Comment.
      virtual TiXmlNode* Clone() const;
      // Write this Comment to a FILE stream.
      virtual void Print( FILE* cfile, int depth ) const;

      /*    Attribtue parsing starts: at the ! of the !--
                                     returns: next char past '>'
      */
      virtual const char* Parse( const char* p, TiXmlParsingData* data, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

01152       virtual const TiXmlComment*  ToComment() const { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.
01153       virtual TiXmlComment*  ToComment() { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.

      /** Walk the XML tree visiting this node and all of its children. 
      */
      virtual bool Accept( TiXmlVisitor* visitor ) const;

protected:
      void CopyTo( TiXmlComment* target ) const;

      // used to be public
      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      virtual void StreamIn( std::istream * in, TIXML_STRING * tag );
      #endif
//    virtual void StreamOut( TIXML_OSTREAM * out ) const;

private:

};


/** XML text. A text node can have 2 ways to output the next. "normal" output 
      and CDATA. It will default to the mode it was parsed from the XML file and
      you generally want to leave it alone, but you can change the output mode with 
      SetCDATA() and query it with CDATA().
*/
01178 class TiXmlText : public TiXmlNode
{
      friend class TiXmlElement;
public:
      /** Constructor for text element. By default, it is treated as 
            normal, encoded text. If you want it be output as a CDATA text
            element, set the parameter _cdata to 'true'
      */
01186       TiXmlText (const char * initValue ) : TiXmlNode (TiXmlNode::TEXT)
      {
            SetValue( initValue );
            cdata = false;
      }
      virtual ~TiXmlText() {}

      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      /// Constructor.
      TiXmlText( const std::string& initValue ) : TiXmlNode (TiXmlNode::TEXT)
      {
            SetValue( initValue );
            cdata = false;
      }
      #endif

      TiXmlText( const TiXmlText& copy ) : TiXmlNode( TiXmlNode::TEXT ) { copy.CopyTo( this ); }
      void operator=( const TiXmlText& base )                                             { base.CopyTo( this ); }

      // Write this text object to a FILE stream.
      virtual void Print( FILE* cfile, int depth ) const;

      /// Queries whether this represents text using a CDATA section.
01209       bool CDATA() const                        { return cdata; }
      /// Turns on or off a CDATA representation of text.
01211       void SetCDATA( bool _cdata )  { cdata = _cdata; }

      virtual const char* Parse( const char* p, TiXmlParsingData* data, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

01215       virtual const TiXmlText* ToText() const { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.
01216       virtual TiXmlText*       ToText()       { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.

      /** Walk the XML tree visiting this node and all of its children. 
      */
      virtual bool Accept( TiXmlVisitor* content ) const;

protected :
      ///  [internal use] Creates a new Element and returns it.
      virtual TiXmlNode* Clone() const;
      void CopyTo( TiXmlText* target ) const;

      bool Blank() const;     // returns true if all white space and new lines
      // [internal use]
      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      virtual void StreamIn( std::istream * in, TIXML_STRING * tag );
      #endif

private:
      bool cdata;             // true if this should be input and output as a CDATA style text element
};


/** In correct XML the declaration is the first entry in the file.
      @verbatim
            <?xml version="1.0" standalone="yes"?>
      @endverbatim

      TinyXml will happily read or write files without a declaration,
      however. There are 3 possible attributes to the declaration:
      version, encoding, and standalone.

      Note: In this version of the code, the attributes are
      handled as special cases, not generic attributes, simply
      because there can only be at most 3 and they are always the same.
*/
01251 class TiXmlDeclaration : public TiXmlNode
{
public:
      /// Construct an empty declaration.
01255       TiXmlDeclaration()   : TiXmlNode( TiXmlNode::DECLARATION ) {}

#ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      /// Constructor.
      TiXmlDeclaration( const std::string& _version,
                                    const std::string& _encoding,
                                    const std::string& _standalone );
#endif

      /// Construct.
      TiXmlDeclaration( const char* _version,
                                    const char* _encoding,
                                    const char* _standalone );

      TiXmlDeclaration( const TiXmlDeclaration& copy );
      void operator=( const TiXmlDeclaration& copy );

      virtual ~TiXmlDeclaration()   {}

      /// Version. Will return an empty string if none was found.
01275       const char *Version() const               { return version.c_str (); }
      /// Encoding. Will return an empty string if none was found.
01277       const char *Encoding() const        { return encoding.c_str (); }
      /// Is this a standalone document?
01279       const char *Standalone() const            { return standalone.c_str (); }

      /// Creates a copy of this Declaration and returns it.
      virtual TiXmlNode* Clone() const;
      // Print this declaration to a FILE stream.
      virtual void Print( FILE* cfile, int depth, TIXML_STRING* str ) const;
01285       virtual void Print( FILE* cfile, int depth ) const {
            Print( cfile, depth, 0 );
      }

      virtual const char* Parse( const char* p, TiXmlParsingData* data, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

01291       virtual const TiXmlDeclaration* ToDeclaration() const { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.
01292       virtual TiXmlDeclaration*       ToDeclaration()       { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.

      /** Walk the XML tree visiting this node and all of its children. 
      */
      virtual bool Accept( TiXmlVisitor* visitor ) const;

protected:
      void CopyTo( TiXmlDeclaration* target ) const;
      // used to be public
      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      virtual void StreamIn( std::istream * in, TIXML_STRING * tag );
      #endif

private:

      TIXML_STRING version;
      TIXML_STRING encoding;
      TIXML_STRING standalone;
};


/** Any tag that tinyXml doesn't recognize is saved as an
      unknown. It is a tag of text, but should not be modified.
      It will be written back to the XML, unchanged, when the file
      is saved.

      DTD tags get thrown into TiXmlUnknowns.
*/
01320 class TiXmlUnknown : public TiXmlNode
{
public:
      TiXmlUnknown() : TiXmlNode( TiXmlNode::UNKNOWN )      {}
      virtual ~TiXmlUnknown() {}

      TiXmlUnknown( const TiXmlUnknown& copy ) : TiXmlNode( TiXmlNode::UNKNOWN )          { copy.CopyTo( this ); }
      void operator=( const TiXmlUnknown& copy )                                                            { copy.CopyTo( this ); }

      /// Creates a copy of this Unknown and returns it.
      virtual TiXmlNode* Clone() const;
      // Print this Unknown to a FILE stream.
      virtual void Print( FILE* cfile, int depth ) const;

      virtual const char* Parse( const char* p, TiXmlParsingData* data, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

01336       virtual const TiXmlUnknown*     ToUnknown()     const { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.
01337       virtual TiXmlUnknown*           ToUnknown()         { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.

      /** Walk the XML tree visiting this node and all of its children. 
      */
      virtual bool Accept( TiXmlVisitor* content ) const;

protected:
      void CopyTo( TiXmlUnknown* target ) const;

      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      virtual void StreamIn( std::istream * in, TIXML_STRING * tag );
      #endif

private:

};


/** Always the top level node. A document binds together all the
      XML pieces. It can be saved, loaded, and printed to the screen.
      The 'value' of a document node is the xml file name.
*/
01359 class TiXmlDocument : public TiXmlNode
{
public:
      /// Create an empty document, that has no name.
      TiXmlDocument();
      /// Create a document with a name. The name of the document is also the filename of the xml.
      TiXmlDocument( const char * documentName );

      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      /// Constructor.
      TiXmlDocument( const std::string& documentName );
      #endif

      TiXmlDocument( const TiXmlDocument& copy );
      void operator=( const TiXmlDocument& copy );

      virtual ~TiXmlDocument() {}

      /** Load a file using the current document value.
            Returns true if successful. Will delete any existing
            document data before loading.
      */
      bool LoadFile( TiXmlEncoding encoding = TIXML_DEFAULT_ENCODING );
      /// Save a file using the current document value. Returns true if successful.
      bool SaveFile() const;
      /// Load a file using the given filename. Returns true if successful.
      bool LoadFile( const char * filename, TiXmlEncoding encoding = TIXML_DEFAULT_ENCODING );
      /// Save a file using the given filename. Returns true if successful.
      bool SaveFile( const char * filename ) const;
      /** Load a file using the given FILE*. Returns true if successful. Note that this method
            doesn't stream - the entire object pointed at by the FILE*
            will be interpreted as an XML file. TinyXML doesn't stream in XML from the current
            file location. Streaming may be added in the future.
      */
      bool LoadFile( FILE*, TiXmlEncoding encoding = TIXML_DEFAULT_ENCODING );
      /// Save a file using the given FILE*. Returns true if successful.
      bool SaveFile( FILE* ) const;

      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      bool LoadFile( const std::string& filename, TiXmlEncoding encoding = TIXML_DEFAULT_ENCODING )               ///< STL std::string version.
      {
//          StringToBuffer f( filename );
//          return ( f.buffer && LoadFile( f.buffer, encoding ));
            return LoadFile( filename.c_str(), encoding );
      }
      bool SaveFile( const std::string& filename ) const          ///< STL std::string version.
      {
//          StringToBuffer f( filename );
//          return ( f.buffer && SaveFile( f.buffer ));
            return SaveFile( filename.c_str() );
      }
      #endif

      /** Parse the given null terminated block of xml data. Passing in an encoding to this
            method (either TIXML_ENCODING_LEGACY or TIXML_ENCODING_UTF8 will force TinyXml
            to use that encoding, regardless of what TinyXml might otherwise try to detect.
      */
      virtual const char* Parse( const char* p, TiXmlParsingData* data = 0, TiXmlEncoding encoding = TIXML_DEFAULT_ENCODING );

      /** Get the root element -- the only top level element -- of the document.
            In well formed XML, there should only be one. TinyXml is tolerant of
            multiple elements at the document level.
      */
01422       const TiXmlElement* RootElement() const         { return FirstChildElement(); }
      TiXmlElement* RootElement()                           { return FirstChildElement(); }

      /** If an error occurs, Error will be set to true. Also,
            - The ErrorId() will contain the integer identifier of the error (not generally useful)
            - The ErrorDesc() method will return the name of the error. (very useful)
            - The ErrorRow() and ErrorCol() will return the location of the error (if known)
      */    
01430       bool Error() const                                    { return error; }

      /// Contains a textual (english) description of the error if one occurs.
01433       const char * ErrorDesc() const      { return errorDesc.c_str (); }

      /** Generally, you probably want the error string ( ErrorDesc() ). But if you
            prefer the ErrorId, this function will fetch it.
      */
01438       int ErrorId()     const                   { return errorId; }

      /** Returns the location (if known) of the error. The first column is column 1, 
            and the first row is row 1. A value of 0 means the row and column wasn't applicable
            (memory errors, for example, have no row/column) or the parser lost the error. (An
            error in the error reporting, in that case.)

            @sa SetTabSize, Row, Column
      */
01447       int ErrorRow() const    { return errorLocation.row+1; }
01448       int ErrorCol() const    { return errorLocation.col+1; }     ///< The column where the error occured. See ErrorRow()

      /** SetTabSize() allows the error reporting functions (ErrorRow() and ErrorCol())
            to report the correct values for row and column. It does not change the output
            or input in any way.
            
            By calling this method, with a tab size
            greater than 0, the row and column of each node and attribute is stored
            when the file is loaded. Very useful for tracking the DOM back in to
            the source file.

            The tab size is required for calculating the location of nodes. If not
            set, the default of 4 is used. The tabsize is set per document. Setting
            the tabsize to 0 disables row/column tracking.

            Note that row and column tracking is not supported when using operator>>.

            The tab size needs to be enabled before the parse or load. Correct usage:
            @verbatim
            TiXmlDocument doc;
            doc.SetTabSize( 8 );
            doc.Load( "myfile.xml" );
            @endverbatim

            @sa Row, Column
      */
01474       void SetTabSize( int _tabsize )           { tabsize = _tabsize; }

      int TabSize() const     { return tabsize; }

      /** If you have handled the error, it can be reset with this call. The error
            state is automatically cleared if you Parse a new XML block.
      */
01481       void ClearError()                               {     error = false; 
                                                                        errorId = 0; 
                                                                        errorDesc = ""; 
                                                                        errorLocation.row = errorLocation.col = 0; 
                                                                        //errorLocation.last = 0; 
                                                                  }

      /** Write the document to standard out using formatted printing ("pretty print"). */
01489       void Print() const                                    { Print( stdout, 0 ); }

      /* Write the document to a string using formatted printing ("pretty print"). This
            will allocate a character array (new char[]) and return it as a pointer. The
            calling code pust call delete[] on the return char* to avoid a memory leak.
      */
      //char* PrintToMemory() const; 

      /// Print this Document to a FILE stream.
      virtual void Print( FILE* cfile, int depth = 0 ) const;
      // [internal use]
      void SetError( int err, const char* errorLocation, TiXmlParsingData* prevData, TiXmlEncoding encoding );

01502       virtual const TiXmlDocument*    ToDocument()    const { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.
01503       virtual TiXmlDocument*          ToDocument()          { return this; } ///< Cast to a more defined type. Will return null not of the requested type.

      /** Walk the XML tree visiting this node and all of its children. 
      */
      virtual bool Accept( TiXmlVisitor* content ) const;

protected :
      // [internal use]
      virtual TiXmlNode* Clone() const;
      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      virtual void StreamIn( std::istream * in, TIXML_STRING * tag );
      #endif

private:
      void CopyTo( TiXmlDocument* target ) const;

      bool error;
      int  errorId;
      TIXML_STRING errorDesc;
      int tabsize;
      TiXmlCursor errorLocation;
      bool useMicrosoftBOM;         // the UTF-8 BOM were found when read. Note this, and try to write.
};


/**
      A TiXmlHandle is a class that wraps a node pointer with null checks; this is
      an incredibly useful thing. Note that TiXmlHandle is not part of the TinyXml
      DOM structure. It is a separate utility class.

      Take an example:
      @verbatim
      <Document>
            <Element attributeA = "valueA">
                  <Child attributeB = "value1" />
                  <Child attributeB = "value2" />
            </Element>
      <Document>
      @endverbatim

      Assuming you want the value of "attributeB" in the 2nd "Child" element, it's very 
      easy to write a *lot* of code that looks like:

      @verbatim
      TiXmlElement* root = document.FirstChildElement( "Document" );
      if ( root )
      {
            TiXmlElement* element = root->FirstChildElement( "Element" );
            if ( element )
            {
                  TiXmlElement* child = element->FirstChildElement( "Child" );
                  if ( child )
                  {
                        TiXmlElement* child2 = child->NextSiblingElement( "Child" );
                        if ( child2 )
                        {
                              // Finally do something useful.
      @endverbatim

      And that doesn't even cover "else" cases. TiXmlHandle addresses the verbosity
      of such code. A TiXmlHandle checks for null     pointers so it is perfectly safe 
      and correct to use:

      @verbatim
      TiXmlHandle docHandle( &document );
      TiXmlElement* child2 = docHandle.FirstChild( "Document" ).FirstChild( "Element" ).Child( "Child", 1 ).ToElement();
      if ( child2 )
      {
            // do something useful
      @endverbatim

      Which is MUCH more concise and useful.

      It is also safe to copy handles - internally they are nothing more than node pointers.
      @verbatim
      TiXmlHandle handleCopy = handle;
      @endverbatim

      What they should not be used for is iteration:

      @verbatim
      int i=0; 
      while ( true )
      {
            TiXmlElement* child = docHandle.FirstChild( "Document" ).FirstChild( "Element" ).Child( "Child", i ).ToElement();
            if ( !child )
                  break;
            // do something
            ++i;
      }
      @endverbatim

      It seems reasonable, but it is in fact two embedded while loops. The Child method is 
      a linear walk to find the element, so this code would iterate much more than it needs 
      to. Instead, prefer:

      @verbatim
      TiXmlElement* child = docHandle.FirstChild( "Document" ).FirstChild( "Element" ).FirstChild( "Child" ).ToElement();

      for( child; child; child=child->NextSiblingElement() )
      {
            // do something
      }
      @endverbatim
*/
01608 class TiXmlHandle
{
public:
      /// Create a handle from any node (at any depth of the tree.) This can be a null pointer.
01612       TiXmlHandle( TiXmlNode* _node )                             { this->node = _node; }
      /// Copy constructor
01614       TiXmlHandle( const TiXmlHandle& ref )                 { this->node = ref.node; }
      TiXmlHandle operator=( const TiXmlHandle& ref ) { this->node = ref.node; return *this; }

      /// Return a handle to the first child node.
      TiXmlHandle FirstChild() const;
      /// Return a handle to the first child node with the given name.
      TiXmlHandle FirstChild( const char * value ) const;
      /// Return a handle to the first child element.
      TiXmlHandle FirstChildElement() const;
      /// Return a handle to the first child element with the given name.
      TiXmlHandle FirstChildElement( const char * value ) const;

      /** Return a handle to the "index" child with the given name. 
            The first child is 0, the second 1, etc.
      */
      TiXmlHandle Child( const char* value, int index ) const;
      /** Return a handle to the "index" child. 
            The first child is 0, the second 1, etc.
      */
      TiXmlHandle Child( int index ) const;
      /** Return a handle to the "index" child element with the given name. 
            The first child element is 0, the second 1, etc. Note that only TiXmlElements
            are indexed: other types are not counted.
      */
      TiXmlHandle ChildElement( const char* value, int index ) const;
      /** Return a handle to the "index" child element. 
            The first child element is 0, the second 1, etc. Note that only TiXmlElements
            are indexed: other types are not counted.
      */
      TiXmlHandle ChildElement( int index ) const;

      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      TiXmlHandle FirstChild( const std::string& _value ) const                     { return FirstChild( _value.c_str() ); }
      TiXmlHandle FirstChildElement( const std::string& _value ) const        { return FirstChildElement( _value.c_str() ); }

      TiXmlHandle Child( const std::string& _value, int index ) const               { return Child( _value.c_str(), index ); }
      TiXmlHandle ChildElement( const std::string& _value, int index ) const  { return ChildElement( _value.c_str(), index ); }
      #endif

      /** Return the handle as a TiXmlNode. This may return null.
      */
01655       TiXmlNode* ToNode() const                 { return node; } 
      /** Return the handle as a TiXmlElement. This may return null.
      */
01658       TiXmlElement* ToElement() const           { return ( ( node && node->ToElement() ) ? node->ToElement() : 0 ); }
      /**   Return the handle as a TiXmlText. This may return null.
      */
01661       TiXmlText* ToText() const                 { return ( ( node && node->ToText() ) ? node->ToText() : 0 ); }
      /** Return the handle as a TiXmlUnknown. This may return null.
      */
01664       TiXmlUnknown* ToUnknown() const           { return ( ( node && node->ToUnknown() ) ? node->ToUnknown() : 0 ); }

      /** @deprecated use ToNode. 
            Return the handle as a TiXmlNode. This may return null.
      */
01669       TiXmlNode* Node() const             { return ToNode(); } 
      /** @deprecated use ToElement. 
            Return the handle as a TiXmlElement. This may return null.
      */
01673       TiXmlElement* Element() const { return ToElement(); }
      /**   @deprecated use ToText()
            Return the handle as a TiXmlText. This may return null.
      */
01677       TiXmlText* Text() const             { return ToText(); }
      /** @deprecated use ToUnknown()
            Return the handle as a TiXmlUnknown. This may return null.
      */
01681       TiXmlUnknown* Unknown() const { return ToUnknown(); }

private:
      TiXmlNode* node;
};


/** Print to memory functionality. The TiXmlPrinter is useful when you need to:

      -# Print to memory (especially in non-STL mode)
      -# Control formatting (line endings, etc.)

      When constructed, the TiXmlPrinter is in its default "pretty printing" mode.
      Before calling Accept() you can call methods to control the printing
      of the XML document. After TiXmlNode::Accept() is called, the printed document can
      be accessed via the CStr(), Str(), and Size() methods.

      TiXmlPrinter uses the Visitor API.
      @verbatim
      TiXmlPrinter printer;
      printer.SetIndent( "\t" );

      doc.Accept( &printer );
      fprintf( stdout, "%s", printer.CStr() );
      @endverbatim
*/
01707 class TiXmlPrinter : public TiXmlVisitor
{
public:
      TiXmlPrinter() : depth( 0 ), simpleTextPrint( false ),
                               buffer(), indent( "    " ), lineBreak( "\n" ) {}

      virtual bool VisitEnter( const TiXmlDocument& doc );
      virtual bool VisitExit( const TiXmlDocument& doc );

      virtual bool VisitEnter( const TiXmlElement& element, const TiXmlAttribute* firstAttribute );
      virtual bool VisitExit( const TiXmlElement& element );

      virtual bool Visit( const TiXmlDeclaration& declaration );
      virtual bool Visit( const TiXmlText& text );
      virtual bool Visit( const TiXmlComment& comment );
      virtual bool Visit( const TiXmlUnknown& unknown );

      /** Set the indent characters for printing. By default 4 spaces
            but tab (\t) is also useful, or null/empty string for no indentation.
      */
01727       void SetIndent( const char* _indent )                 { indent = _indent ? _indent : "" ; }
      /// Query the indention string.
01729       const char* Indent()                                        { return indent.c_str(); }
      /** Set the line breaking string. By default set to newline (\n). 
            Some operating systems prefer other characters, or can be
            set to the null/empty string for no indenation.
      */
01734       void SetLineBreak( const char* _lineBreak )           { lineBreak = _lineBreak ? _lineBreak : ""; }
      /// Query the current line breaking string.
01736       const char* LineBreak()                                     { return lineBreak.c_str(); }

      /** Switch over to "stream printing" which is the most dense formatting without 
            linebreaks. Common when the XML is needed for network transmission.
      */
01741       void SetStreamPrinting()                                    { indent = "";
                                                                                lineBreak = "";
                                                                              }     
      /// Return the result.
01745       const char* CStr()                                                { return buffer.c_str(); }
      /// Return the length of the result string.
01747       size_t Size()                                                     { return buffer.size(); }

      #ifdef TIXML_USE_STL
      /// Return the result.
      const std::string& Str()                                    { return buffer; }
      #endif

private:
      void DoIndent()   {
            for( int i=0; i<depth; ++i )
                  buffer += indent;
      }
      void DoLineBreak() {
            buffer += lineBreak;
      }

      int depth;
      bool simpleTextPrint;
      TIXML_STRING buffer;
      TIXML_STRING indent;
      TIXML_STRING lineBreak;
};


#ifdef _MSC_VER
#pragma warning( pop )
#endif

#endif


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